By Emmanuel Rebold
Subtitle: dependent Upon the traditional files in relation to, and the Monuments Erected by means of This Fraternity From Its beginning within the 12 months 715 B.c. to the current Time normal Books book date: 2009 unique booklet date: 1869 unique writer: American masonic publishing organization matters: physique, brain
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These were in number five, and were established at Cologne, Strasburg, Vienna, Zurich, and Madgeburg. That at Cologne was from at first considered the most important, and the mabter of the work upon the cathedral at Cologne was recognized as the chief of all the masters and workmen of Lower Germany, as was THE MASONIC CORPORATIONS IN GERMANY. 58 work on the the master of the cathedral of Straeburg 1 considered as occupying a similar position of honor in Upper Germany. Subsequently there was established a and Strasburg, when the work upon cathedral was continued.
Homer drew upon them for his ingenious fictions, and clothed his songs with their allegories. The descent into a well, made by the aspirant for initiation, led to the saying that truth was concealed at the bottom of a well. The judges of the dead, before whom they were conducted by the ferryman Charon across the lake Acheron, the urn that contained the ballots, and after an examination of which the judges pronounced sentence and again intrusted the initiates to the care of Charon, who alone appeared to have the right or ability of traversing the subterranean obscurity through which they passed, the barking of dogs, the monsters, the hideous specters, the flitting shades, the furies, the dog Cerberus the sight of all those objects which the Egyptians and the Greeks had invented to try the nerves of the initiates made in their imagination a real hell.
When, therefore, a humane governor shrank from the disagreeable function of ordering the execution of Christians under imperial GENERAL HISTORY OF FREEMASONRY. 40 decree, those who were thus menaced sought refuge among the Scots, or in the Orkney Islands; or, aided j)yjhe_builders who accompanied them, they fled to Ireland, and there remained until the death of the emperor who had ordered their execution. In this manner Scotland became the most accessible esort of these refugees, who, in return for the security awarded them, carried into that country a knowledge of Roman and from this period may be dated those the construction of magnificent castles of the Romanesque or Etruscan style of architecture, whose grand architecture ; remains, braving even until to-day the destructive hand of time, attest the architectural knowledge and artistic genius of their builders.
A general history of Freemasonry in Europe by Emmanuel Rebold