By Paul E. Ceruzzi
This enticing background covers sleek computing from the advance of the 1st digital electronic desktop during the dot-com crash. the writer concentrates on 5 key moments of transition: the transformation of the pc within the overdue Nineteen Forties from a really good clinical tool to a advertisement product; the emergence of small structures within the overdue Nineteen Sixties; the start of private computing within the Seventies; the unfold of networking after 1985; and, in a bankruptcy written for this version, the interval 1995-2001. the hot fabric makes a speciality of the Microsoft antitrust swimsuit, the increase and fall of the dot-coms, and the arrival of open resource software program, relatively Linux. in the chronological narrative, the publication lines a number of overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's inner layout; the impression of monetary tendencies and the chilly battle; the long term position of IBM as a participant and as a aim for upstart marketers; the expansion of software program from a hidden aspect to an incredible personality within the tale of computing; and the routine factor of where of data and computing in a democratic society. the point of interest is at the usa (though Europe and Japan input the tale at an important points), on computing in step with se instead of on purposes comparable to man made intelligence, and on platforms that have been bought commercially and put in in amounts.
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Extra resources for A History of Modern Computing (2nd Edition)
3). S. S. S. S. S. S. S. Steel, Gary, IN Franklin Life Insurance, Springfield, OH Westinghouse, Pittsburgh, PA Pacific Mutual Life Insurance, Los Angeles, CA Sylvania Electric, New York, NY Consolidated Edison, New York, NY Consolidated Edison, New York, NY Note : This list is compiled from a variety of sources and does not include one or two UNIVACs that were completed but remained with Remington Rand. In some cases the dates are approximate. Depending on how one interprets ‘‘installation,’’ the order listed here may be slightly different.
42 The Advent of Commercial Computing, 1945–1956 25 What was less well known was that the Moore School team had carefully evaluated the architecture of the follow-on computer, the EDVAC, in light of the problems it might be expected to solve. Von Neumann found that although it was initially intended for evaluating mathematical expressions, the EDVAC’s stored-program design made it ‘‘very nearly an ‘all-purpose machine’ ’’ and that it was better than punched card equipment for sorting data. 43 Still, the climate that surrounded the small group of engineers at the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation was anything but favorable.
25 MHz, and it could perform about 465 multiplications per second. That was about the same as the ENIAC’s multiplication speed; but the UNIVAC’s tape system and stored-program architecture made it a much faster machine overall. ‘‘Delay lines’’ stored 1,000 words as acoustic pulses in tubes of mercury, while magnetic tape units stored up to one million characters on reels of half-inch metal tape. The UNIVAC was rugged and reliable. Vacuum tube failures, the bane of all early systems, were kept to a reasonably low rate to ensure that the machine would remain useful for practical, day-to-day work.
A History of Modern Computing (2nd Edition) by Paul E. Ceruzzi