By Heather G. Miller, etc., C.F. Turner, L.E. Moses
Expanding at the 1989 nationwide study Council quantity AIDS, Sexual habit, and Intravenous Drug Use, this booklet studies on altering styles within the distribution of instances and the result of intervention efforts less than means. It makes a speciality of vital subpopulations which are turning into a growing number of in danger: youngsters and girls. The committee additionally studies innovations to guard blood offers and to enhance the standard of surveys utilized in AIDS research.
AIDS: the second one Decade updates traits in AIDS instances and HIV an infection one of the gay group, intravenous drug clients, girls, minorities, and different teams; provides an outline of a variety of behavioral intervention suggestions directed at particular teams; discusses discrimination opposed to individuals with AIDS and HIV an infection; and offers to be had information at the percentage of youngsters conducting the behaviors which can transmit the virus and on lady prostitutes and HIV infection.
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These studies have generally demonstrated moderate levels of response consistency over time. It must be noted, however, that consistency in itself does not guarantee accuracy. Improving Measurements The above evidence leads naturally to questions regarding how to improve the reliability and validity of self-reported data on these behaviors. To begin answering those questions, the committee recommends that the Public Health Service and other organizations supporting AIDS research provide increased support for methodological research on the measurement of behaviors that transmit HIV.
Drug-Using Behaviors The methodological difficulties encountered in studying drug use behaviors are similar to those found in studying sexual behaviors. As in measuring sexual behaviors, a major problem in measuring injection behaviors arises from the fact that researchers usually cannot directly observe the behaviors of interest and thus must rely on self-reports. Several studies have compared reports of drug use with the results of urinalysis. Evidence from these studies suggests that there are moderate levels of underreporting of drug use.
Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. SUMMARY 35 Adolescents and women are other groups that present both important opportunities to prevent future disease and challenges to providing effective intervention programs. It is during the adolescent years (and sometimes earlier) that many of the behaviors that risk transmission of HIV are initiated.
AIDS, the second decade by Heather G. Miller, etc., C.F. Turner, L.E. Moses