By Aditya Pratap Ph.D., Jitendra Kumar (auth.), Aditya Pratap, Jitendra Kumar (eds.)
Genetic engineering and biotechnology besides traditional breeding have performed a huge function in constructing more desirable cultivars by means of shifting economically vital characteristics from far away, wild or even unrelated species to the cultivated kinds which differently couldn't were attainable with traditional breeding. there's a big quantity of literature bearing on the genetic development of vegetation over previous couple of many years. although, the fantastic effects completed through crop scientists in nutrition legumes’ learn and improvement through the years are scattered in numerous journals of the realm. the 2 volumes within the sequence ‘Alien Gene move in Crop crops’ deal with this factor and supply a complete reference at the advancements made in significant nutrition vegetation of the area. those volumes objective at bringing the contributions from globally popular scientists at one platform in a reader-friendly demeanour. the first quantity entitled, ‘Alien Gene move in Crop crops: options, tools and chance overview” will deal completely with the method and technique. The contents of this quantity were designed to appraise the readers with all of the theoretical and useful facets of broad hybridization and gene move like methods and techniques of gene move, function of biotechnology with precise connection with embryo rescue, genetic transformation, protoplast fusion and molecular marker expertise, difficulties corresponding to move incompatibility and boundaries to far away hybridization and recommendations to beat them. given that wild and weedy relations of crop crops can have unfavourable characteristics linked to them, there are continually chances of linkage drag whereas moving alien alleles. for this reason, difficulties and obstacles of alien gene move from those species may also be mentioned during this sequence. additional, the linked hazards with this and overview of hazards can also be given due weightage.
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Additional resources for Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants, Volume 1: Innovations, Methods and Risk Assessment
Taxon 41:11–23 Wolfe DE, Takebayashi N, Risenberg LH (2001) Predicting the risk of extinction through hybridization. Conserv Biol 15:1039–1053 Woloszynska M, Bocer T, Mackiewicz P, Janska H (2005) A fragment of chloroplast DNA was transferred horizontally, probably from non-eudicots, to mitochondrial genome of Phaseolus. Plant Mol Biol 56:811–820 Wolters AMA, Schoenmakers HCH, Kamstra S, Van Eden J, Koornneef M, de Jong JH (1994) Mitotic and meiotic irregularietis in somatic hybrids of Lycopesicon esculentum and Solenum tubersosum.
It is now well acknowledged that hybridization has played an important role in the evolution of crop plants (Abbott 1992; Riesberg and Ellstrnd 1993; Ellstrand et al. 1996). 9 Conclusions and Future Prospects Gene transfer in crop plants, mostly through traditional plant breeding and more recently aided by transgenesis and molecular marker technology, has proved to be one of the most powerful tools for crop improvement and has increased the yield levels of crop plants to the present level which is well supporting the ever-increasing population of the world.
Keywords Amphidiploidy • Chromosome manipulation • Gene introgression • Haploid • Translocation D. D. R. R. com H. R. China L. Zhang • Z. Yuan • M. Hao • Y. R. China A. Pratap and J. 1 D. Liu et al. Introduction Wide or distant hybridization, a mating between individuals of different species or genera, provides a way to combine diverged genomes into one nucleus. Wide hybridization breaks what is known as the species barrier for gene transfer and thus makes it possible to transfer the genome of one species to another, which results in changes in genotypes and phenotypes of the progenies.
Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants, Volume 1: Innovations, Methods and Risk Assessment by Aditya Pratap Ph.D., Jitendra Kumar (auth.), Aditya Pratap, Jitendra Kumar (eds.)