By Jason P. Theriot
In the post--World battle II period, Louisiana's coastal wetlands underwent an business transformation that positioned the area on the heart of America's energy-producing hall. via the twenty-first century the Louisiana Gulf Coast provided approximately one-third of America's oil and gasoline, accounted for 1/2 the country's refining potential, and contributed billions of bucks to the U.S. economic climate. at the present time, hundreds of thousands of miles of pipelines and comparable infrastructure hyperlink the state's coast to grease and gasoline shoppers national. in the course of the process this old improvement, in spite of the fact that, the dredging of pipeline canals speeded up coastal erosion. presently, eighty percentage of the us' wetland loss happens on Louisiana's coast although the country is domestic to simply forty percentage of the nation's wetland acreage, making obvious the big unin-tended environmental fee linked to generating strength from the Gulf Coast.
In American power, Imperiled Coast Jason P. Theriot explores the stress among oil and fuel improvement and the land-loss main issue in Louisiana. His booklet bargains an interesting research of either the awesome, albeit ecologically damaging, engineering feats that characterised commercial progress within the sector and the mounting environmental difficulties that threaten south Louisiana's groups, tradition, and "working" coast. As a historian and coastal Louisiana local, Theriot explains how pipeline know-how enabled the growth of oil and fuel supply -- analyzing formerly unseen pictures and corporate documents -- and strains the industry's far-reaching environmental footprint within the wetlands. via precise examine provided in a full of life and available narrative, Theriot items jointly a long time of political, financial, social, and cultural undertakings that clashed within the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties, whilst neighborhood voters, scientists, politicians, environmental teams, and oil and fuel pursuits started struggling with over the motives and effects of coastal land loss. The project to revive coastal Louisiana finally collided with the perceived monetary necessity of increasing offshore oil and fuel improvement on the flip of the twenty-first century. Theriot's booklet bridges the space among those competing objectives.
From the invention of oil and gasoline less than the marshes round coastal salt domes within the Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties to the emergence of environmental sciences and coverage reforms within the Seventies to the massive repercussions of the BP/Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010, American power, Imperiled Coast eventually finds that the traditional and man-made forces answerable for speedy environmental switch in Louisiana's wetlands over the last century can in basic terms be harnessed via collaboration among private and non-private entities.
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Additional resources for American Energy, Imperiled Coast: Oil and Gas Development in Louisiana's Wetlands
4 With the advent of geophysical instruments, such as the gravity meter, the torsion balance, and the seismograph, oil men gained a better understanding of the patterns of oil accumulation around salt domes. As a result, exploration along the coastal area gradually increased, resulting in several new discoveries. By the early 1930s the search expanded across south Louisiana and into the delta region. The introduction of new refraction and reﬂection seismography broadened the scope of exploration to include not only the shallow piercementtype domes, but also the deep-seated domes that lay thousands of feet below the surface.
The third tanker generated power to run the pumps and other equipment, and also provided quarters for the men who ran the operation. When the large Texaco oil tankers from Port Arthur, Texas, appeared on the horizon every eight to ten days, the workers at Port Texaco pumped the stored crude onto barges and the tugs shuttled the new shipment a few miles offshore to meet the big tankers and transfer the cargo. 36 The development of petroleum in Black Bayou, Venice, and Terrebonne Bay required departures from the technology and operating procedures used by the industry on dry land.
To develop the marsh and shallow bay ﬁelds around oilbearing salt domes, companies established on-site worker camps accessible only by boat, deployed a ﬂeet of marine vessels manned only by local mariners, and built platforms on pilings to support oil-producing wells and storage facilities. They dug a vast network of canals to provide access to the facilities, to drill each well, and to lay pipelines to transport the hydrocarbons from the ﬁelds to storage or processing plants. This development process spread to other coastal oil ﬁelds and production sites.
American Energy, Imperiled Coast: Oil and Gas Development in Louisiana's Wetlands by Jason P. Theriot