By Paul K. Conkin
In a piece of outstanding breadth and readability, Paul Conkin bargains an even-handed and in-depth examine the main American-made varieties of Christianity—a varied staff of non secular traditions, every one of which displays an important holiday from western Christian orthodoxy.Identifying six precise varieties, Conkin examines the foremost denominations consultant of every unique number of American Christianity: recovery (Churches of Christ, Disciples of Christ); humanistic (Unitarians, Universalists); apocalyptic (Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses); Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints); non secular (Christian technology, Unity); and ecstatic (Holiness and Pentecostal denominations). targeting the early years and maturation of those teams, he discusses their founders and leaders, origins and previous international roots, and crucial doctrines and practices. Conkin closes each one bankruptcy with a consultant to additional reading.The first entire survey of those American originals, this ebook will function a worthwhile source on a couple of non secular traditions whose participants not just include an important percent of the yank inhabitants but in addition make up an expanding percentage of Christian converts all over the world.
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Additional info for American originals: homemade varieties of Christianity
Even before the Shaker defection, Stone began to enunciate a set of doctrines that seemed completely heretical to Presbyterians. In a series of essays he tried to clarify his developing antitrinitarian views and his rejection of any substitutionary version of the atonement, or doctrines affirmed across the whole Catholic-Protestant spectrum. Also, after careful Bible study, he and almost all his followers submitted to immersion. Stone never made this a condition of membership, but by 1830 only a handful of western Christians remained content with their childhood sprinkling.
The Springfield Presbytery never functioned as such within the Presbyterian system. The original five ministers accepted into ministerial fellowship two young men but did not ordain them, both out of a developing conviction that such was unscriptural and because they lacked any authority. In the second conference of these ministers at the Cane Ridge church in June 1804, the group decided to dissolve their so-called presbytery. McNemar wrote the half-serious, half-whimsical ''Last Will and Testament of the Springfield Presbytery," a document that later became famous in the Disciples movement (Elias Smith would print it in the first number of his Herald of Gospel Liberty).
The first major and enduring effort to go back to primitive beginnings involved the Swiss Brethren and their Anabaptist successors (Mennonites, Amish, Hutterites, and the Church of the Brethren). In time, the primitive or restorationist goal involved efforts to reform not just the alleged corruptions that marred the Church of Rome but corruptions that developed in the first four centuries of Christian history. These corruptions involved state churches or state-supported churches, episcopal orders, the creeds and doctrines worked out by the great councils, and a wide range of nonscriptural innovations in worship.
American originals: homemade varieties of Christianity by Paul K. Conkin