By Diane J. Austin-Broos
The Arrernte humans of important Australia first encountered Europeans within the 1860s as teams of explorers, pastoralists, missionaries, and workers invaded their land. in the course of that point the Arrernte have been the topic of severe interest, and the earliest debts in their lives, ideals, and traditions have been a seminal impression on ecu notions of the primitive. the 1st research to deal with the Arrernte’s modern situation, Arrernte current, Arrernte Past additionally records the sizeable sociocultural adjustments they've got skilled over the last hundred years.
Employing ethnographic and archival study, Diane Austin-Broos strains the heritage of the Arrernte as they've got transitioned from a society of hunter-gatherers to participants of the Hermannsburg undertaking neighborhood to their current, marginalized place within the smooth Australian economic climate. whereas she concludes that those wrenching structural shifts resulted in the violence that now marks Arrernte groups, she additionally brings to gentle the robust acts of mind's eye that experience sustained a continual experience of Arrernte id.
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Additional info for Arrernte Present, Arrernte Past: Invasion, Violence, and Imagination in Indigenous Central Australia
Spencer questioned Strehlow’s view that the Western Arrernte, and indeed the Arrernte in general, had a notion of a high god. On the other hand, Strehlow’s grasp of Arrernte language was outstanding. 20 By contrast, Spencer and Gillen’s engagement with Arrernte semantics was a puny thing. Both authors wrote about “totems,” a popular nineteenth-century rendering of indigenous Australian religion. The Arrernte are cited in Frazer’s comparative work, Totemism and Exogamy (1910) and Freud references this work in his Totem and Taboo ( 1938).
In 1933 it was renamed Alice Springs. Established in 1877 by recruits from Hermannsburg in Germany, the first Lutheran mission was a precarious enterprise. Within ten years it fell apart. In 1894, the mission had a fresh start when Carl Strehlow arrived from Neuendettelsau via the Bethesda Mission at Lake Eyre in South Australia. 13 Drawn by available goods, Luritja also came from the west. The small mission station became a refuge from poorly disciplined pastoralists and from a constabulary prepared to use force.
Farther north, leases were taken up on Warlpiri land in the 1880s, but not with the same alacrity that marked pastoralism on Arrernte land. As a consequence today, the best acrylic painting for the Warlpiri and Pintupi shows an intimate connection with esoteric culture that is absent in the case of Ntaria’s major recent art form, Hermannsburg pottery. This is so notwithstanding the potters’ own tradition that includes the Hermannsburg watercolor school (Isaacs 1999, 17–24, 29–44). The former’s intricate sense of past tradition has been lost to the Arrernte due to the impact of invasion in the final decades of the nineteenth century.
Arrernte Present, Arrernte Past: Invasion, Violence, and Imagination in Indigenous Central Australia by Diane J. Austin-Broos