By C. Pursiainen
This quantity takes a comparative method of comprehend normal developments in post-Communist transition in Russia and China. Bringing together perspectives from Political technological know-how, Sociology and IR, it analyses three arenas of social change: socio-economic structures, political structures, and international guidelines.
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Additional resources for At the Crossroads of Post-Communist Modernisation: Russia and China in Comparative Perspective
He appealed to all Chinese compatriots to put aside ideological differences and participate in his modernisation programme for the motherland. Up to 75 per cent of all ‘foreign’ investments in China between 1979 and 1994 had ‘Chinese roots’. While Gorbachev, several years later, may be compared to Deng as a leader who, by way of his personal power and courage, managed to reorient his country, the conditions for reform were at variance. Investment by overseas Chinese, and the know-how of Hongkongese, Taiwanese and ethnically Chinese Thai, Indonesian, Malaysian, American, Canadian, and Australian businessmen, constituted a crucial difference between Gorbachev’s and Deng’s reform movements.
The Cultural Revolution precipitated a decade of frenzied political activism, political indoctrination, class struggle, and the militarisation of Chinese politics. The danger of a Sino–Soviet war, following the Sino–Soviet split that started to show itself from 1960 onwards, and of which the population was reminded at regular intervals, provided useful fodder for Maoist efforts to justify China’s isolation. China was brought to the brink of civil war, and virtually shut off from the rest of the world.
34–39. 38. , Democratisation, pp. 240–263. 2 A Short History of Catching Up Christer Pursiainen In the context of Western political science, the developments in Russia and China over the last twenty years are very hard to understand and may be regarded as ‘anomalies’, if one does not provide a proper historical background to today’s situation. While there are naturally several interpretations, it is argued here that historically these countries’ domestic modernisation strategies are, to a considerable degree, shaped by pressure created by the developments in Western capitalism and the connected great power politics.
At the Crossroads of Post-Communist Modernisation: Russia and China in Comparative Perspective by C. Pursiainen