By Frank Furedi
Problem with authority is as outdated as human historical past itself. Eve's sin used to be to problem the authority of God by way of disobeying his rule. Frank Furedi explores how authority used to be contested in historic Greece and given a robust which means in Imperial Rome. Debates approximately spiritual and secular authority ruled Europe during the heart a while and the Reformation. the fashionable international tried to increase new foundations for authority - democratic consent, public opinion, technology - but Furedi exhibits that this challenge has remained unresolved, arguing that this day the authority of authority is wondered. This historic sociology of authority seeks to provide an explanation for how the modern difficulties of distrust and the lack of legitimacy of many associations are knowledgeable via the former makes an attempt to resolve the matter of authority. It argues that the foremost pioneers of the social sciences (Marx, Durkheim, Simmel, Tonnies and particularly Weber) seemed this question as one of many crucial demanding situations dealing with society.
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Quandary with authority is as outdated as human background itself. Eve's sin was once to problem the authority of God by means of disobeying his rule. Frank Furedi explores how authority was once contested in historical Greece and given a strong which means in Imperial Rome. Debates approximately non secular and secular authority ruled Europe in the course of the center a long time and the Reformation.
Extra resources for Authority: A Sociological History
Although there are some interesting parallels between the contemporary concerns about traditional values and those of Athens in the fourth and fifth centuries BC, it is important not to overlook one fundamental difference, which is that in ancient Greece the meaning of tradition and of authority were not clarified in the first place. The meaning of the idea of tradition or the ancestral way of doing things was not codified or expressed in a systematic manner. Even religion – which in many ancient civilisations acquired a systematic character – was not codified.
19 However, while Thersitism can be detected as a device in modern literature, it is unlikely that such a motive can account for the construction of this character in an ancient epic poem. The authorship of the Iliad is a subject of controversy and it is likely that Thersites is as much a product of folklore and legend as of self-conscious literary construction. There are numerous theories about how to interpret Thersites’ very public challenge to royal authority. 20 When the soldiers flee their camp and attempt to return their ship it is evident that royal authority has been lost.
A highly fluid society that was open to risktaking and change was not one where social and political hierarchies 39 41 Guthrie (1971) p. 17. Gouldner (1965) p. 74. 40 Waterfield (2009) pp. 128–9. Euben (1997) p. 35. 42 Opinion and expertise 43 could be stabilised. This created continuous problems for those interested in the institutionalisation of elite rule. 43 That is another way of stating that the lack of cultural affirmation for hierarchy undermined the consolidation of authority. Unable to consolidate elite rule and authority, sections of the oligarchy became hostile to the laws and conventions of Athens.
Authority: A Sociological History by Frank Furedi