Cataclysm 1914 brings jointly a few leftist students from numerous fields to discover the various assorted points of the origins, trajectories and results of the 1st international conflict. the gathering not just goals to check the warfare itself, yet seeks to visualize the clash and all its quick outcomes (such because the Bolshevik Revolution and ascendency people hegemony) as a defining moment—perhaps the defining moment—in twentieth century global politics rupturing and reconstituting the ‘modern’ epoch in its many instantiations. In doing so, the gathering takes up a number of varied issues of curiosity to either a basic reader, these eager about Marxian concept and process, and leftist and socialist histories of the battle.
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Extra resources for Cataclysm 1914: The First World War and the Making of Modern World Politics (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 89)
248. See this similar statement by the Under-Secretary at the Ministry of Agriculture, Friedrich von Falkenhausen: ‘To match the great, closed economic bodies of the United States, the British, and the Russian Empires with an equally solid economic bloc representing all European states, or at least those of Central Europe [Mitteleuropa] under German leadership, with a twofold purpose: (1) of assuring the members of this whole, and particularly Germany, the mastery of the European market, and (2) of being able to lead the entire economic strength of allied Europe into the field, as a unified force, in the struggle with those world powers over the conditions of the admission of each to the markets of the others’.
2 Many of the responsible statesmen during the July Crisis shared these forebodings. 4 Yet, in speaking of the prospects of war the year before, Bethmann used more heroic and optimistic tones. 6 1 The thinking in this essay is heavily indebted to conversations with, among others, Jennifer Jenkins, Bradley Naranch, Hartmut Pogge von Strandmann, and Dennis Sweeney. It was prompted by reflection on the long-running influence of Fischer 1967. 2 Grey of Fallodon 1925, p. 20. 3 Riezler 1972, p. 192.
From the intersection of these different vectors, Anievas then traces the relations and alliances between state managers, politicians and specific factions of the capitalist class as they sought to mediate these social-international pressures, emanating from the uneven and combined character of development, into concrete strategies designed to preserve their domestic social standing 18 Anievas and respond to the broader global context within which they were embedded. From this perspective, Anievas thus demonstrates the spatial and temporal specificities of the 1914 crisis, which witnessed German and Austrian policymakers’ use of the July Crisis in the Balkans as the opportunity to launch a ‘preventive war’ against the Russia menace abroad and destabilising social forces at home before the strategic ‘window of opportunity’ closed.
Cataclysm 1914: The First World War and the Making of Modern World Politics (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 89)