By David R. Marples
Chernobyl and Nuclear strength within the USSR supplied the 1st targeted account of the Soviet nuclear strength and of the character, influence and effects of the Chernobyl (Chornobyl) catastrophe of 28 April 1986. Marples locations the Chornobyl coincidence in the context of Soviet nuclear improvement. He contains a Chornobyl diary, that covers Soviet reporting through the first weeks after the twist of fate; Soviet power coverage; jap ecu and Soviet nuclear improvement within the Nineteen Eighties; questions of safety; and an account of the quick aftermath of the catastrophe and the clean-up operation.
Co-published with the Macmillan Press, London.
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Extra info for Chernobyl and Nuclear Power in the USSR
Why was the Chernobyl fourth reactor inadequately contained, as was clearly the case? In addition to industrial safety drawbacks, one has to account for the apparent disregard for safety after the event. If ice cream and fruit vendors were banned from the streets of Kiev on 9 May, as reported in 33 CHERNOBYL AND NUCLEAR POWER IN THE USSR /zvestiia, if schools were closed down on 15 May and children were kept off the streets two weeks after the accident, why was this not the case during the period from (approximately) 26 April to 5 May?
19 A second, and perhaps more reasonable alternative is to construct power stations in the East that are adjacent or very close to opencast mines, which would cut out the transportation of fuel. 20 But even this option, which has been put into practice in some areas, still entails transporting the electricity across hundreds of miles by means of high-voltage Iransmission lines to the principal consumers in the western USSR. And even in the European part of the country, the Iransmission lines seem to be in constant need of repair.
The needs of those in the danger zone of a nuclear accident are less important than the requirements of the entire Soviet population. Only by comprehending such an attitude can the reader begin to understand the aftermath of Chemobyl and the release of vital information in such a painstaking fashion. Chemobyl was a symbol of the nuclear industry; by 1988, it would have been the largest nuclear plant in the USSR, and it was visible proof that the industry could provide a short-cut to success, a means for a major technological advance in the latter part of the century, away from the traditional Soviet reliance on fossil fuels into the nuclear era.
Chernobyl and Nuclear Power in the USSR by David R. Marples