By Tina Johnson
Childbirth in Republican China: providing Modernity (1911-1949) is the examine of a pivotal interval during which conventional midwifery, marked by way of inner most, unregulated old-style midwives, was once remodeled into sleek midwifery throughout the adoption of a hugely medicalized and state-sponsored beginning version that's typical in city China at the present time. within the 20th century, biomedical applied sciences altered the method of childbirth on nearly each point. What were an issue of non-public curiosity, concentrating on the kinfolk and lineage, grew to become a countrywide precedence, a logo of the hot citizen who might perform the production of a revitalized state. this modification of copy coalesces with the wider tale of China's twentieth-century revolutions, marked via an emphasis on technological know-how and modernity. the jobs of the kingdom and of western scientific group of workers have been paramount in affecting those alterations, yet both vital are the serious social and cultural shifts that happened at the same time. The dominant issues of copy in twentieth-century China are characterised by means of increasing nation involvement, moving gender roles, escalating intake styles accompanying the commercialization of personal lives, and the expanding medicalization of the start strategy.
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Additional resources for Childbirth in Republican China: Delivering Modernity
These examples also form the foundation for medical and scientific developments that led to public health programs, for example germ theory that led to sanitation programs and antiseptic medical procedures. The advent of maternal and child health care, and indeed the specialization of obstetrics as a distinct field of medicine, also have their origin in the late 1800s. Women physicians like Dr. Leonora Howard and Dr. Mary Fulton opened women’s hospitals and training programs for female nurses and midwives.
China Medical Commission of the Rockefeller Foundation, Medicine in China (New York: Rockefeller Foundation, 1914). â•‡ Wu, Reproducing Women: Medicine, Metaphor and Childbirth in Late Imperial China. , 182–83. â•‡ Furth, A Flourishing Yin: Gender in China’s Medical History, 960–1665, 278–83. â•‡ Gail Hershatter, “Birthing Stories: Rural Midwives in 1950s China,” in Dilemmas of Victory: The Early Years of the People’s Republic of China, ed. Jeremy Brown and Paul Pickowicz (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008).
Kao, a prominent Hangzhou philanthropist, “conceived the idea of starting such an institution with [Dr. Liu Ming-ts, Dr. ”23 Kingston DeGruche, Dr. Main’s biographer, stated that Mrs. Kao, Missionaries and Modernityâ•‡â•‡â•‡â•‡â•‡ 5 with her friends, was not only willing but anxious that some definite help for Chinese women in their confinements should be provided. 24 The Training Home for Midwifery received 90 student applications its first year. Its faculty taught students to give vaccinations to children and adults and to treat cases of opium poisoning, a common method of suicide among Chinese women.
Childbirth in Republican China: Delivering Modernity by Tina Johnson