By Alan C. Cairns
In Citizens Plus, Alan Cairns unravels the old checklist to elucidate the present deadlock in negotiations among Aboriginal peoples and the kingdom. He considers the assimilationist coverage assumptions of the imperial period, examines newer govt tasks, and analyzes the emergence of the nation-to-nation paradigm given mammoth aid via the Royal fee on Aboriginal Peoples. Citizens Plus stakes out a center flooring with its help for constitutional and institutional preparations that might at the same time realize Aboriginal distinction and toughen universal citizenship.
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Extra info for Citizens Plus: Aboriginal Peoples and the Canadian State
Not surprisingly, the wielding of it over others deemed to be inferior led to exploitation and abuse, horriﬁcally so in some cases, such as in the Belgian Congo. ”47 This tutelary relationship often implied the shedding of indigenous culture by subject peoples and their assimilation into the culture of the imperial power – a goal now seen as arrogant and illegitimate. We too easily forget, however, that historically the believers in assimilation were more likely to be thought of as optimists rather than as cultural imperialists.
By the late 1940s, the population of the various colonies was about 2,500 Métis, which was about one-quarter of the provincial Métis population. Although the government’s motivations were humanitarian – it was shocked by the anomie, poverty, and social disorganization of the Métis communities – its practice was highly paternalistic. It was policy from above that misread the Métis by falsely assuming a Métis propensity for cooperative activity. It was administered at the local level by “government functionaries ...
These exchanges, and the eﬀorts to increase Aboriginal input are struggles over cultural power – over who will shape the images that condition how we treat each other. Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Canadians do not share a common, agreed-upon past, for the past was a setting for a confrontation between competing ways of life. The dominance of the newcomers over the original inhabitants, following an early period of nation-to-nation relations, is remembered – when it is thought about – as a triumph by the former and, much more viscerally, as a humiliation by the latter.
Citizens Plus: Aboriginal Peoples and the Canadian State by Alan C. Cairns