By Marilyn A. Brown
Tackling weather switch and bettering power safeguard are of the twenty-first century's maximum demanding situations. during this publication, Marilyn Brown and Benjamin Sovacool supply designated tests of the main complex commercially on hand applied sciences for strengthening international strength safeguard, mitigating the results of weather swap, and embellishing resilience via edition and geo-engineering. in addition they review the obstacles to the deployment of those applied sciences and seriously evaluation public coverage strategies the most important to their adoption. Arguing that society has the entire applied sciences precious for the duty, Brown and Sovacool speak about an array of ideas to be had at the present time, together with high-efficiency transportation, renewable power, carbon sequestration, and demand-side administration. they provide 8 case reviews from world wide that record winning techniques to decreasing emissions of greenhouse gases and enhancing power protection. those comprise the Danish method of strength coverage and wind energy, Brazil's ethanol software, China's stronger cookstove software; and the U.S. Toxics unencumber stock. Brown and Sovacool argue that assembly the dual demanding situations of weather swap and effort safety will let us supply strength, keep financial development, and defend the common environment--without forcing tradeoffs between them.
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123 Discarded computers, televisions, telephones, and other electronic devices contain amounts in aggregate of pollutants that rival sources such as factories and power plants, but are not prone to the same regulatory scrutiny. 7 million deaths a year, 90 percent of these in young children. 127 Some rivers, aquifers, lakes, and other water sources are so polluted that it is more proﬁ table for residents to remove plastic bottles and trash from them for recycling than to ﬁsh. The US Central Intelligence Agency believes that more than 3 billion people will be living in water-stressed regions around the world by 2015, a majority of them in North Africa and in China.
K. Sovacool. 118 The amount of waste that ends up in landﬁlls varies by country, but China and the United States lead the world. Municipalities in the US send 55 percent of their waste (148 million tons) to domestic dumps and landﬁlls, and in China 43 percent of waste ends up in landﬁlls (the rest is incinerated or recycled). In China, 65 percent of cities are on the brink of running out of landﬁll space. In parts of Latin America, 40 percent of landﬁ lls do not meet minimum standards for environmental safety.
Even locally grown food is often taken somewhere nearby to be washed and packaged, then transported back home. 3 Proven reserves of fossil fuels and identiﬁed uranium resources and rates of depletion. Life-expectancy calculations by the authors. Source for reserves and production data for coal, natural gas, and petroleum : International Energy Annual 2006 (Energy Information Administration, 2006). Sources for uranium: Uranium 2005 (International Atomic Energy Agency, 2006); Luis Echávarri and Yuri Sokolov, Uranium Resources (Nuclear Energy Agency and International Atomic Energy Agency, 2006).
Climate Change and Global Energy Security: Technology and Policy Options by Marilyn A. Brown