By Marc Galanter
Can a democratic society pursue a coverage of compensatory discrimination with out abandoning equality or sliding right into a process of workforce quotas? For over thirty years, India has been engaged in an important attempt to combine "untouchables" and different oppressed peoples into the mainstream of Indian lifestyles. This publication is the 1st finished learn of the Indian adventure with rules of systematic preferential remedy. Galanter contains a dialogue of the relation of the courts to public coverage in his research of the alternatives and tensions within the Indian rules of compensatory choice.
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Additional info for Competing equalities
34. Ambedkar, throughout his career, received the most intense and unswerving support from his own Mahar community. On other untouchable leaders and movements, see Zelliot 1969: 18385, 19394, 2067; Patankar and Omvedt 1979:415. Both hailed from the hinterlands of Bombay: Gandhi from Gujarat, Ambedkar from Maharashtra. His programs express conflicting impulses between assimilation into Hindu society and separation from it, a pattern that recurs throughout his career. At the second, the conferees resolved to embrace "any other religion" if the Hindus continued obdurate in their mistreatment.
While at the upper levels of the legal system, support for high caste dominance was mainly indirect and passive, there is some indication that at the lower levels of the legal system there was often active governmental support for the claims of the higher castes. The upper castes maintain their economic position, their knowledge of the courts and the intricacies of the law and better access to officials have thwarted attempts to change the position of the lower castes in the village 7. society and economy.
Whether thevast numbers of Untouchables were truly Hindu and to be counted as such, or not, became an important question for the first time. 22. 23. 24. Apprehensions about a continued Hindu majority must have been seen in the light of then current estimates that the Depressed Classes numbered 50 to 60 million 25. from a sixth to a fifth of the total population and roughly the magnitude of the plurality of Hindus in the population. 26. At its 1917 annual meeting, the Congress for the first time passed a mild and hesitant anti disabilities resolution.
Competing equalities by Marc Galanter