Download e-book for iPad: Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software by David A. Patterson

By David A. Patterson

The fifth version of laptop association and layout strikes ahead into the post-PC period with new examples, workouts, and fabric highlighting the emergence of cellular computing and the cloud. This generational switch is emphasised and explored with up to date content material that includes capsule desktops, cloud infrastructure, and the ARM (mobile computing units) and x86 (cloud computing) architectures.

Because an knowing of contemporary is key to reaching solid functionality and effort potency, this version provides a brand new concrete instance, "Going Faster," used in the course of the textual content to illustrate super potent optimization thoughts. additionally new to this variation is dialogue of the "Eight nice Ideas" of machine architecture.

As with prior variations, a MIPS processor is the center used to give the basics of applied sciences, meeting language, desktop mathematics, pipelining, reminiscence hierarchies and I/O.

Instructors searching for 4th version instructing fabrics should still electronic mail [email protected]

Includes new examples, routines, and fabric highlighting the emergence of cellular computing and the Cloud.
Covers parallelism extensive with examples and content material highlighting parallel and software program topics
Features the Intel center i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples in the course of the book
Adds a brand new concrete instance, "Going Faster," to illustrate how knowing can motivate software program optimizations that enhance functionality through 2 hundred times.
Discusses and highlights the "Eight nice Ideas" of computing device structure: functionality through Parallelism; functionality through Pipelining; functionality through Prediction; layout for Moore's legislations; Hierarchy of thoughts; Abstraction to Simplify layout; Make the typical Case speedy; and Dependability through Redundancy.
Includes a whole set of up-to-date and more desirable workouts.

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Additional resources for Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface (5th Edition)

Example text

Comprehending these concepts forms the basis of understanding the aspects of both the hardware and software that affect program performance. ■ What is the interface between the software and the hardware, and how does software instruct the hardware to perform needed functions? These concepts are vital to understanding how to write many kinds of software. ■ What determines the performance of a program, and how can a programmer improve the performance? As we will see, this depends on the original program, the software translation of that program into the computer’s language, and the effectiveness of the hardware in executing the program.

If you were running a datacenter that had several servers running jobs submitted by many users, you’d say that the faster computer was the one that completed the most jobs during a day. As an individual computer user, you are interested in reducing response time—the time between the start and completion of a task—also referred response time Also called execution time. The total time required for the computer to complete a task, including disk accesses, memory accesses, I/O activities, operating system overhead, CPU execution time, and so on.

Multiple DRAMs are used together to contain the instructions and data of a program. In contrast to sequential access memories, such as magnetic tapes, the RAM portion of the term DRAM means that memory accesses take basically the same amount of time no matter what portion of the memory is read. Descending into the depths of any component of the hardware reveals insights into the computer. Inside the processor is another type of memory—cache memory. integrated circuit Also called a chip. A device combining dozens to millions of transistors.

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Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface (5th Edition) by David A. Patterson

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