By Anne M. Van Leeuwen
This useful instruction manual might be utilized by nursing scholars in scientific classes and by way of nurses in scientific settings as a brief reference. It courses the nurse in making plans what has to be assessed, monitored, handled, and taught at each level of care, together with pre-test necessities, intra-test approaches, and posttest care. This up to date version will also be worthwhile to all different healthcare pros who want to know what nurses will do with their sufferers present process laboratory or diagnostic trying out. All checks and strategies are indexed in alphabetical order through their entire identify for ease of situation, plus the great, built-in index permits quickly searches via abbreviation, synonym, affliction country or situation, organ procedure, specimen style, or try type.
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Additional info for Davis's Comprehensive Handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests: With Nursing Implications, 2nd Edition
Direct the patient to breathe normally and to avoid unnecessary movement. ➤ Observe standard precautions, and follow the general guidelines in Appendix A. Positively identify the patient, and label the appropriate tubes with the corresponding patient demographics, date, time of collection, patient position (upright or supine), and exact source of specimen (peripheral versus arterial). Perform a venipuncture after the patient has been in the upright (sitting or standing) position for 2 hours. If a supine specimen is requested on an inpatient, the specimen should be collected early in the morning before rising.
A written report of the examination will be sent to the requesting health care practitioner, who will discuss the results with the patient. ➤ Reinforce information given by the patient’s health care provider regarding further testing, treatment, or referral to another health care provider. Answer any questions or address any concerns voiced by the patient or family. ➤ Depending on the results of this procedure, additional testing may be performed to evaluate or monitor progression of the disease process and determine the need for a change in therapy.
Obtain a history of the patient’s complaints, including a list of known allergens (especially allergies or sensitivities to latex or anesthetics), and inform the appropriate health care practitioner accordingly. ➤ Obtain a history of the patient’s respiratory system and any bleeding disorders as well as results of previously performed laboratory tests, surgical procedures, and other diagnostic procedures, especially bleeding time, coagulation time, complete blood count, platelets, partial thromboplastin time, and prothrombin 37 time.
Davis's Comprehensive Handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests: With Nursing Implications, 2nd Edition by Anne M. Van Leeuwen