Read e-book online De l'esprit des lois : Anthologie PDF

By Montesquieu

ISBN-10: 2081279843

ISBN-13: 9782081279841

Véritable somme politique, De l'esprit des lois (1748) est le chef-d'oeuvre de Montesquieu. L'auteur y interact tout à los angeles fois une réflexion sur les différents gouvernements, une enquête sur les sociétés humaines et une examine comparée des lois afin de former tout homme à évaluer l'intervention législatrice. En s'attachant à saisir " l'esprit des lois " - ou rapports que les lois entretiennent avec le climat, los angeles faith, les moeurs, les richesses et le trade de chaque peuple -, il suggest une manière nouvelle d'appréhender los angeles réalité sociale. Conçue comme une advent par les textes, cette anthologie, qui rassemble et présente les livres les plus célèbres de De l'esprit des lois, entend permettre au lecteur de saisir les principaux enjeux philosophiques de cet ouvrage incontournable.

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Example text

As many older Leftists insisted at the time, the New Left’s departure from the norm owed more to ignorance than to insight; specifically, ignorance of the nature of Third World liberation struggles and of the Chinese Cultural Revolution. 3 It also made it easier than it had been for older Left political formations to join quotidian political practice to a radical political vision; and, more generally, as in the case of the student movements for civil rights and against the war in Vietnam, to be radical.

It was assumed in the Marxist philosophy of the time, and there was hardly a New Left thinker who denied it outright. But, by the 1960s, the idea that the working class, or any segment of it, had either the interest or the capacity to install new social relations had come to seem increasingly untenable. This fact on the ground registered in mainstream thinking. The Left, however, had yet to come to terms with it. The New Left, intentionally or not, assumed this burden. Its struggle with it is part of its legacy – not just to the political culture generally but, as we will see, to Althusserianism, which came into being and then faltered in tandem with the New Left, and to analytical Marxism, which arose and flourished in the wake of its decline.

In their case for socializing private property, scientific socialists appealed to a theory of history and society that is ‘scientific’ in a sense of that term that is commonplace today, and that was widely accepted in the nineteenth century. Very generally, explanations count as scientific if they identify causal processes of the sort that have engaged investigators in the natural sciences since the great scientific revolution of the seventeenth century. Medieval science, with its Aristotelian roots, accorded pride of place to teleological causes; to the ends or goals of natural phenomena.

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