By Kevin McDermott, Matthew Stibbe
This specified quantity examines how and to what volume former sufferers of Stalinist terror from around the Soviet Union and jap Europe have been acquired, reintegrated and rehabilitated following the mass releases from prisons and labour camps which got here within the wake of Stalin's dying in 1953 and Khrushchev's reforms within the next decade.
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Extra info for De-Stalinising Eastern Europe: The Rehabilitation of Stalin’s Victims after 1953
51 Although terror ceased – and what is more quite abruptly in 1953 – and although the Gulag itself ‘seemed a thing of the past’ by 1960,52 the Soviet Union remained a one-party dictatorship with political dissidents still running the risk of prosecution for ‘anti-Soviet agitation’. 55 As Miriam Dobson deftly puts it, ‘where ordinary criminal justice practices stopped and political terror began’ was a question hardly resolved in the Khrushchev era. 56 The party, popular opinion and rehabilitation A final salient issue is the attitude of party members and the public to the release and rehabilitation of Stalinist victims: how far were party and popular responses to the liberation of former ‘enemies’ hostile, supportive, confused, contradictory, ambivalent?
However, for the readers of Pravda, ‘rehabilitation’ (reabilitatsiia) was a foreign technical term, whose meaning was mysterious. In fact, the legal nature of the rehabilitation announced by Pravda remained blurred. Soviet criminal law foresaw legal provisions for the revision of criminal proceedings in cases of judicial error or following the discovery of circumstances likely to call into question the guilt of the accused: those were the provisions quoted in Pravda. 11 Even in the course of the penal reform of the 1950s, ‘rehabilitation’ was not introduced in the new set of codes.
McDermott and M. Stibbe (eds), Stalinist Terror in Eastern Europe: Elite Purges and Mass Repression (Manchester, 2010). 14. See, for example, Prisoners of Conscience in the USSR: Their Treatment and Conditions. An Amnesty International Report (London, 1975). 15. For a theoretical perspective, see R. G. Teitel, Transitional Justice (Oxford, 2000). 16. On the situation in the early 1950s, see N. Frei, Adenauer’s Germany and the Nazi Past: The Politics of Amnesty and Integration, trans. J. Golb (New York, 2002 ); and on the 1958 and 1963–65 trials and the removal of the statute of limitation in 1969, see A.
De-Stalinising Eastern Europe: The Rehabilitation of Stalin’s Victims after 1953 by Kevin McDermott, Matthew Stibbe