By Kristin M. Bakke
There is not any one-size-fits-all decentralized repair to deeply divided and conflict-ridden states. one of many hotly debated coverage prescriptions for states dealing with self-determination calls for is a few type of decentralized governance - together with local autonomy preparations and federalism - which can provide minority teams a level of self-rule. but the song checklist of current decentralized states means that those have generally divergent means to include conflicts inside their borders. via in-depth case reviews of Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec, in addition to a statistical cross-country research, this booklet argues that whereas coverage, economic, and political decentralization can, certainly, be peace-preserving from time to time, the consequences of those associations are conditioned via qualities of the societies they (are intended to) govern. Decentralization will help safeguard peace in a single nation or in a single quarter, however it can have simply the other impression in a rustic or quarter with diversified ethnic and monetary features
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Additional resources for Decentralization and intrastate struggles : Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec
31 Such variation allows me to consider the nuances of how societal traits and institutions interact. To consider the book’s findings in a wider comparative perspective, in the concluding chapter, I also examine self-determination struggles elsewhere. According to King et al. (1994, 147–149), who generally advise against selecting cases on the dependent variable, doing so is acceptable as long as the cases display variation on the outcome to be explained. 31 “Peace-Preserving” Decentralization?
I did my research on the Chechen case based on secondary sources, newspaper accounts, and fieldwork in Moscow but not in Chechnya. When in Québec in late summer and fall of 2005, I interviewed a number of “sovereigntists” (many of whom were or had been representatives or officials of the Parti Québécois or other sovereignty organizations), as well as a few members of the current provincial cabinet and representatives of Québec’s Liberal party (which favors greater autonomy for Québec but not independence) and union representatives (the unions have typically played a key role in the sovereignty movement).
Others maintain that political leaders may stir up hostility among different ethnic groups (“play the ethnic card”) in order to keep or acquire power (Gagnon 1994/1995), using myths and symbols to justify such hostility (Kaufman 2001). Scholars drawing on social identity theory maintain that ethnic conflicts rest on people’s tendency to favor their own group (Horowitz 1985). Regardless of the specific mechanisms, in nearly all cases, ethnicity is hypothesized to help solve the collective action problems associated with mass mobilization, especially when ethnic minority groups see themselves as distinct from the majority group(s) in the state and are concentrated in an area they consider to be their homeland (Toft 2003).
Decentralization and intrastate struggles : Chechnya, Punjab, and Québec by Kristin M. Bakke